Otolaryngology (pronounced oh/toe/lair/in/goll/oh/jee) will be the oldest medical specialty in america. Otolaryngologists are physicians trained in the medical and surgical management and treatment of patients with diseases and disorders of the ear, nose, throat (ENT), and related structures of the head and neck. They can be commonly referred to as ENT physicians.
Otolaryngologists diagnose and manage diseases from the ears, nose, sinuses, larynx (voice box), mouth, and throat, in addition to structures of your neck and face.
Hearing loss affects one in ten North Americans. The unique domain of otolaryngologists is the management of ear disorders. They can be trained in the medical and surgical procedures of hearing difficulties, ear infections, balance disorders, ear noise (tinnitus), and several cranial nerve disorders. Otolaryngologists also manage congenital (birth) disorders in the outer and inner ear.
About 35 million people develop chronic sinusitis every year, so that it is one of the most common health complaints in the us. Good care of the nasal cavity and sinuses is amongst the primary skills of otolaryngology los angeles. Problems within the nasal area include allergies, smell disorders, polyps, and nasal obstruction caused by a deviated septum.
Communicating (speech and singing) and eating a meal all involve this vital area. Specific to otolaryngologists is expertise in managing diseases of the throat, larynx (voice box), and also the upper aero-digestive system or esophagus, including voice and swallowing disorders.
The top and neck?
This portion of the body includes the most important functions of sight, smell, hearing, and the appearance of the face area. From the head and neck area, otolaryngologists are qualified to treat infections, benign (non-cancerous) and malignant (cancerous) tumors, facial trauma, and deformities of your face. They perform both cosmetic plastic and reconstructive surgery.
Otolaryngologists are prepared to start practicing after completing around 10 years of college and post-graduate training. To be eligible for a certification with the American Board of Otolaryngology, an applicant must first complete college (4 years), medical school (4 years), as well as at least 5yrs of specialty training. Next, the physician must pass the American Board of Otolaryngology examination. Moreover, some otolaryngologists pursue a 1- or two- year fellowship for more extensive lessons in certainly one of eight subspecialty areas.
These subspecialty areas are allergy, facial plastic and reconstructive surgery, head and neck, laryngology (throat), otology/neurotology (ears, balance, and tinnitus), pediatric otolaryngology (children), rhinology (nose), and sleep disorders. Some otolaryngologists limit their practices to one of these eight areas.
Do you know the seven regions of expertise in the field of otolaryngology?
Allergy: treatment by medication, immunotherapy (allergy shots) or avoidance of pollen, dust, mold, food, along with other sensitivities affecting the ear, nose, and throat.
Treating: hay fever, seasonal and perennial rhinitis, chronic sinusitis, laryngitis, a sore throat, otitis media, dizziness
Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery: cosmetic, functional, and reconstructive surgical procedures of abnormalities in the neck and face and ear.
Treating: deviated septum, rhinoplasty (nose), face lift, cleft palate, drooping eyelids, hair thinning as well as other ear deformities.
Head and Neck: cancerous and noncancerous tumors within the head and neck (nose/sinuses, mouth, throat, voice box and upper esophagus), including the thyroid and parathyroid.
Treating: lump in the neck or thyroid, cancer from the voice box.
Laryngology: disorders of the throat, including voice and swallowing problems.
Treating: sore throat, hoarseness, swallowing disorder, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), infections and tumors.
Otology/Neurotology: diseases of the ear, including trauma (injury), infection, benign tumors, and nerve pathway disorders, which affect hearing and balance.
Treating: ear infection; swimmer?s ear; hearing loss; ear, face, or neck pain; dizziness, ringing inside the ears (tinnitus).
Pediatric Otolaryngology: diseases in kids with special ENT problems including birth defects of your head and neck and developmental delays.
Treating: ear infection (otitis media), tonsil and adenoid infection, airway problems, asthma and allergy/sinus disease, neck tumors.
Rhinology: disorders in the nose and sinuses.
Treating: sinus disorder, nose bleed, stuffy nose, lack of smell, polyps, tumors.
These specialists are different from many physicians in they are trained within both medicine and surgery. Otolaryngologists do not need to refer patients for some other physicians when ear, nose, throat, or head/neck surgical procedures are needed and, therefore, may offer the most suitable take care of every individual patient. Otolaryngologists are the most suitable physicians to deal with disorders from the ears, nose, throat, and related structures from the head and neck.